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DMIMS Journal of Dental Research, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences Deemed to be University VOLUME 2 NUMBER 3 July to September 2018

Multi Disciplinary Medical Journal Official Publication of Staff Research Society Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences (Deemed University) Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha, Maharashtra, India 442004.

Original Articles

76 Barrren Waste or Untapped Treasure : A Forensic Study
Author : Rajul Ranka
Excursions into nature can be serene for some and exhilarating for others, but for an unfortunate few these sojourns can be tragic. For some such journeys takes them into the unknown end in such unfathomably frightening circumstances that they become the stuff of legend. Such is the destiny that befell nine ill-fated skiing enthusiasts in the late 1950s. Sometimes, when such natural calamities occur and bodies get buried under the snow, the snow itself can act as preservative for the dead body. But, this preservation is not permanent and can be observed only for a particular period of time.
79 Pain Threshold Under the Influence of Aroma Therapy during Inferior Alveolar Nerve Block
Author : Shravani Deolia
Pain is attributed to as vital sign and is an important reason for which patient seeks health care. [1] Dental anxiety is termed as an “abnormal fear or dread of visiting the dentist for preventive care or therapy and unwarranted anxiety over dental procedures” and can have physiological, cognitive and behavioral consequences. [2] Dental procedure frequently evokes considerable degrees of anxiety, [3] especially when preceded by anxious waiting in the dental clinic and lack of information on the dental procedures. [4] Pain increases anxiety to the patients. Aroma therapy is one of the methods demonstrated as being very effective and reduces anxiety. It is also known to have an analgesic effect, by modalities of action at a psychological level.
82 Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice amongst the First year and Final year BDS students regarding biomedical waste management
Author : Sourav Sen
Waste is any substance which is discarded after primary use. (1) Hospital wastes which are generated from health care centres including infectious, contaminated and hazardous waste such as discarded sharps, blood, toxic chemicals, pharmaceuticals and radioactive substances. (1) Biomedical waste is defined as “any solid, fluid or liquid waste which is generated during diagnosis, treatment or immunisation of human being or in research activities and is contaminated with human fluids
86 Influence of Familial Oral Hygiene Practices on Adolescent Group : A Questionnaire-based Study
Author : Amit Reche
The adoption of consistent behavioural habits in childhood begins at home with the parents. They play an important role in child`s behaviours. Children usually follow their parents including oral habits. Family creates environment necessary for healthy lifestyle, increase in the self-confidence
90 Comparative Evaluation of Perception of Pain Associated With Orthodontic Separators with and Without Use of Vibratory Powered Toothbrush : A Split Mouth Randomized Clinical Study
Author : Romil Shah
Pain is a complex experience which has been described to be a major reason for discourage and discontinuing orthodontic treatment. (1) Pain, after placement of orthodontic separators generally starts within 4 – 8 hours, attain maximum level at 24 hours and decreases thereafter within 1 week. It has also been reported that about 25% to 45% of patients still experience pain after a week
94 Evaluation of Sickle Cell Anaemia as Risk Factor for Cleft Lip and Palate : Pilot Study
Author : Sisily Shiji Amaladas
Cleft lip and palate is the most common birth defect in the craniofacial region.(1) The term cleft lip and palate inadequately describes the potential complexities of the deformity which may involve the nose, lips, alveolus or palate.(2) Cleft lip and palate are facial and oral malformations that occurs during the early gestational period in the developing foetus. The aetiology of cleft lip and palate is multifactorial, i.e. it has genetic and exogenous causes. (3) The treatment plan includes multiple surgeries and orthodontic correction that span over a long period from birth to 20 years
97 Assessment of Knowledge Regarding Radiation Biology and Radiation Protection Protocols Among Dental Interns and Postgraduate Students
Author : Shravani Deolia
Radiation is emission and propagation of energy as electromagnetic waves which has potential to move subatomic particles, especially high energy particles that causes ionization (1,2). It is well known that ionizing radiation has biological damaging effects, either affecting the cell directly or indirectly via the production of free radicals. Both lead to DNA damage, including single or double-strand breaks, and or DNA protein cross-links. (3) X-ray is a kind of ionizing radiation that are used extensively in dentistry for diagnosis and therapeutic uses. (2) X-rays are considered to be useful but they have the potential to cause ill effects, genetic damage and cancer

Review Articles

101 Role of Candida Albicans In Endodontic Retreatment : A review
Author : Manoj Chandak
The largest fraction of the fungal oral microbiota is made up of Candida species. Fungi are eukaryotic microorganisms. Candida species are yeast-type fungi. The incidence of Candida albicans (C. albicans) in endodontic infection observed in primary and in refractory endodontic infections. (1,2) Fungal infections are usually ``diseases of the diseased,`` and some predisposition has to be present for the host to be affected.(3,4) These fungi are only occasionally found in primary infection, but Candida species have been detected in root-canal-treated teeth in up to 18% of the cases. The candida Species have been found as commensal microorganisms in the oral cavities of 25% of healthy adults, 50% of hospitalized patients, and approximately 90 % of immunocompromised patients

Case Reports

104 Complete Denture with Detachable Hollow Cheek Plumpers : A Case Report
Author : Ruchika Mandhane
Aesthetics is a prime concern in rehabilitation of the patient. Cheeks due to its distinct visibility always compliment the aesthetics of the face. They are supported by the structures lying underneath like teeth, muscles and the maxillary bone. The contribution of teeth to the fullness of the cheek is a lion`s share. This is evident by the sunken appearances of edentulous geriatric patients. Loss of teeth affects the appearance of patients greatly; the decreased vertical dimension gives drooping appearance to the lips and chin and loss of support offered by the teeth give sunken cheeks. In case of molar extraction, thinning of the tissue is observed due to ageing and weight loss, and this may cause concavities below the malar bone. Slumped cheeks are beacons of geriatric looks